Organization of a comparison or contrast essay

What we did in class, today – We reviewed several terms:

  • compare – 1) How things are similar or different; 2) How things are similar – The second meaning is the most commonly used definition.
  • contrast – How things differ
  • thesis sentence/statement – The sentence that tells the main idea of the whole essay. It is usually the last sentence in an introduction.
  • topic sentence – The sentence that tells the main idea of a paragraph. It is usually the first sentence in all paragraphs except the introduction.

We agreed that there are two criteria for writing a compare or a contrast essay:

  1. There must be two things to be either compared or contrasted.
  2. These two things must be of the same category, for example, an apple (fruit) and an orange (a fruit).

There are two organizational methods: block method and point-by-point method.

  1. Block Method – 4 paragraphs comparing/contrasting two things, e.g. apple and oranges (introduction, body paragraph about  all three characteristics of apple discussed, body paragraph about all three characteristics of orange discussed, conclusion)
  2. Point-by-Point Method – 5 paragraphs comparing/contrasting two things, e.g. apple and orange (introduction, body paragraph where apple and orange are compared/contrasted according to first characteristic, body paragraph where apple and orange are compared/contrasted according to  second characteristic, body paragraph where apple and orange are compared/contrasted according to third characteristic, conclusion)

Class video – The link for the class video can be accessed in MyGUST.

Homework – Do Activity 5 (pp. 106-107) in the handout before class on Monday. This is for a mark for effort.

What we will do in class on Wednesday, Sept. 10 – We will discuss Activity 5 (pp. 106-107 in the handout) and start writing a model essay.

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